Make a (hybrid) DVDA


Needed software :

Discwelder Chrome 2.06
Maestro 2195a
Surcode DVD DTS encoder 1.021
Any Audio Editor
Surcode MLP encoder
DVD Menu Studio
Paintshop or Photoshop
Exact Audio Copy
AC3 Encoder
Any guide to make a surround version.

In this guide I will use the album "Rolling Stones-Sticky Fingers" as example.
I will convert it to a 4.0 Ambisonics surround version.

Explanation :

A hybrid DVDA is a DVD that is playable on normal DVD players and on DVDA
players. So we need to make two things : A DVDV part and a DVDA part.
The DVDV part can be made with any DVD authoring program that can handle DTS.
To be 100% sure of compatibility, I use Maestro in this guide.
The first stream on a DVDV always needs to be AC3 or LPCM.
In the guide I use AC3 2.0 and DTS in the video part and 24/96 in the DVDA part.

Preparation :

The cd we use is 16 bits 44.1 Khz. Rip it with EAC as one track with a cuesheet.
For DVDV we need 48 Khz and for DVDA 24/96. So the first thing to do is to
upsample the CD to 3 needed different formats. For AC3 2.0 : 16/48. For DTS :
24/48 and for DVDA 24/96. Recommended programs for upsampling : R8Brain Pro 1.5,
Samplitude 7.22, Soundforge 8.0.
Make sure you have a cue file, because we need this for the chapterpoints.

Installation Discwelder Chrome :

If you don't install Discwelder the correct way, it can lead to errors in the
final DVDA ! Install the program on C: . Install the temporary directories on
another harddisc. The soundfiles, pictures etc. and the final DVD should all be
on a third harddisc !!

START:

I'm not going to explain the steps to make a DVDV, because this is all explained
in the guide for making a music DVD with Maestro. Briefly : Make an AC3 2.0 from
the 16/48 stereo, make a DTS from the converted 24/48 6 mono wavs. Make some
nice menu's and a background for every playing track. The method you chose to
convert the stereo to surround will be used for the DVDV and DVDA part.
In this guide I will use a 4.0 Ambisonics version.
The advantage of working with three different upsampled versions from the CD,
is that all track times are the same. So start with making a DVDV with Maestro
and when compiling is finished, move the VIDEO_TS folder to the directory where
your albums files are. The directory should now held :
SF (Sticky Fingers) in 16/44.1 wav, SF in 16/48, SF in 24/48, SF in 24/96, 4,5
or 6 mono WAV's in 24/48, the compiled SF as AC3 2.0, the compiled SF as .DTS,
artwork and the VIDEO_TS we made in Maestro.
ATTENTION : In the VIDEO_TS part is a file with the extension .lay. Remove this !
It's a DVD Maestro file, that is not needed (nor wanted !) in the final product.
Leaving this file can make your DVDV unplayable ! Test the DVDV part by burning
it on a DVDRW. BTW : instead of an AC3 2.0, you can use the original stereo in
16/48 . After making the DVDV, your directory looks like this, with all the
temporary files :



Because you checked the VIDEO_TS, we can now remove all files that we don't need
for the DVDA part and it looks like this :



For the artwork I used the original artwork from the CD and made a nice back-
ground for every track with the title of the song. The images were made with
Paintshop and I used DVD Menu Studio for making menu's from the images. The main
advantage of DVD Menu Studio is that it's special made for the purpose of
creating DVD menu's. As we're going to use these for the DVDA part too, I will
show you later in the guide how to use DVD Menu Studio. The artwork you made for
the DVDV part can be used for the DVDA part too. So keep your files !

MLP :

Use the same method to convert the 24/96 to a surround version. I used a 4.0
Ambisonics, so I get 4 files in my directory : SF-FL.wav, SF-FR.wav, SF-SL.wav
and SF-SR.wav. When you chose for instance QSXT with a LFE, you will have 6
files there. Start the Surcode MLP encoder :



First chose the name and directory to where you want to save your MLP.
Then you need to chose a group for the number of channels you have.
The first picture was for FL,FR,Ls and Rs. With 5 channels without a LFE :



And with a LFE :



After chosing the right group assignment, fill in the files and encode :



Now we have all the soundfiles, it's time to make a menu.

DVD MENU STUDIO :

Start DVD Menu Studio.



Because we already made a menu to select the songs in DVDV, it's easy to use
that same menu for the DVDA part of the disc. In the DVDV part there is however
a "return" button, that we don't need on the DVDA. So first open Paintshop or
Photoshop and remove the "return" button. Save the file as BMP. Close Paintshop
(or Photoshop) and go to DVD Menu Studio. Chose import and import the graphic
file you just created.





Now we need to add something to navigate in the menu. In Maestro it's just a
matter of adding a box around the text and it's a button. With DVD Menu Studio
we're much more flexible and we can make it as nice as we want it. Now we need
to make an overlay. On the upper side you'll see 5 colored boxes. The first is
the original screen, the next four are for creating an overlay.



On the top side, click the red box to create an overlay.



For the navigation I chose an arrow. At the bottom of the screen, chose the tab
"Objects" and select the 4th arrow.



Select the arrow and move it to the screen. Resize it to a format that fits next
to a songtitle. Place the first arrow next to song 01. Right-click on the arrow
and chose copy. Now paste it and put an arrow next to "return". Repeat this for
all the titles.



You can check the navigation by clicking the preview icon :





As you see the arrow is green now and only the first one is shown. You can now
navigate to every title. Time to save your menu......



Use the following setting :



Chose "next" and make sure the settings are like this :



Again chose next and fill in the name and path :



Now chose "export" and the two files will be saved.
Here's how your directory should look now :



You can close DVD Menu Studio now.

DISCWELDER CHROME

Start Discwelder and browse to your directory.



Right click on "unnamed" and chose "rename album"



And give it the name "SF".
At the bottom right you can see how much space is left for creating the DVDA
part. The first thing to do, is to import the VIDEO_TS, as it takes space too !
Goto file menu and select "album properties." Import the VIDEO_TS you created.
Press "OK" and press "OK" again to close the properties. Good time now to save
your project again !

Select the file "SF.mlp" and drop it on the blue line labeled "SF". The MLP will
now be imported. This can take quite some time. Just wait patiently till it's
finished. (depending on the size and amount of channels in the MLP, don't be
surprised if it takes 10 or more minutes to import !!)

The screen now looks like this :



Right click on "Track #1" and chose "new track point". Fill in the time from
the cue-sheet.



Right click on "Track #2" and fill in the next time from the cue sheet.
Repeat this for all the tracks.



Time to add a title image to every track.
Right click on Track #1 and chose "track properties"



In the properties, go to "still images", chose "add" and import your graphic for
track 1.



Repeat this step for all the other songs. Now is a good time to save your project

After that goto "file" and chose "album properties"





On the next screen



load your background and overlay image. When it's done, go to "overlay colors",
click "original" and select at the bottom "button draw mode"



Draw a rectangle around every buttom, from top to bottom....



Right click on the first buttom and chose "first button"



The button will be active and a box with arrows appears. Connect the down arrow
with the second button and the up button with the 10th. Click the second button
and connect the up arrow with button 1 and the down with button 3. Do this for
all the buttons. Although on the bottom right side of the screen you see the
item "Automatically Connect Button navigation", it's better to do it this way ,
as the automatic way sometimes fails and doesn't give a right navigation !



Now right click on button #1 and link it to track #1.
Repeat this for all the buttons.



Now go back to the "overlay colors" item and select it. A new screen appears
where you can set the colors for the different states of the buttons. "original"
is the original overlay. "display" shows how it will show on screen, "selection"
shows when you select a button and "action" when you use that button.
You can chose the colors you like. Here's how I did it :



When you're finished, press "OK" and return to the "album properties".
Chose "startup logo" . Browse to the file you want to show first when the DVDA
loads and set the duration in seconds :



Press "OK" . If you wish to add some special effects to the screens for the
songs, select "still image properties" and apply the effects you want.



Good time now to save your project again !
Everything is ready now and you can make an image of the DVDA.
The image is named SF.dim. When it starts it shows it needs more than 2 hours,
but after doing 2% this will decrease a lot and it's done in 10 minutes !
Go to the directory where you saved the image and rename it to SF.ISO .
You can now burn a test on DVDRW.
WARNING : do not save your image on the same drive where your temporary
directories are ! And do not save it in the same as your work directory !

TIPS

- In Album properties : when you chose "Autoplay" , it will start playing with
the first song. The menu will only be visible when you press the "menu" button
on your remote. When you want to start with the menu, disable autoplay.
- We used 24/96 here, but you can use other formats as well, like 24/88.2.
24/48 but also 24/44.1 ! This makes it interesting to put DTS WAV after transco-
ding on a non-hybrid DVDA. See the "mixed" menu for transcoding DTS WAV to 6
separate mono wavs.
- This disc wasn't long and we made a 4.0 surround version. You can easily add
a second album on the samedisc. But then you need to adjust the VIDEO part too !
- The amount it takes on disc relies not only on the length of the album, but
also on the amount of channels in your surround version. MLP is lossless and
thus with 6 24/96 mono wavs, the MLP will get a lot (33.33 %) larger.
(DTS is always the same size !)
- This guide is meant for beginners and kept as simple as possible. You might
want to experiment with different ways of navigation in DVD Menu Studio. Or add
a stereo version in 24/96 on the DVDA. There are plenty possibilities.
- You can add more background pictures to a song in the DVDA part. This is
especially useful when you want to add for instance lyrics. Right click on a
track line and chose "track properties"



On the bottom where you added an image for the track, chose "add" again.
After you added a second image, select that image and chose "properties"



In the "Start Offset" you just fill in at which point it should start.
Imagine having a track title image as first one and the first part of the lyrics
as second image. The lyrics start after 10 seconds. Just fill in 10 in the "sec"
box. You can add as many as you want !

- Making a menu with the option from Discwelder

We used DVD menu studio to make menu's that are the same for the DVDA and DVDV
part. When you want to make a DVDA without a DVDV part or you just want the menu
in the DVDA part to be different from the one in the DVDV part, you can use the
menu option from Discwelder. Open the "Album Properties" from the file menu and
instead of "Edit Custom Menu", chose "Edit Generated Menu". You will get a
warning that you already used a custom menu. When you continue your custom menu
will be overwritten. So first make sure you made an iso , burned and tested it,
before you try out this function ! When press the key to continue, you'll get
immediately the generated menu :



I guess this is not how we want it ;-) Press "Cancel" to get back on the main
screen. We're first going to rename the tracks. Select track #1, right click the
mouse and chose "rename track".



Fill in the name for track 1 : "Brown Sugar". Go back to the "Album Properties",
chose "Edit Generated Menu" and you will see how it changed on the menu. You'll
see that track 1 is called "Brown Sugar" now. I prefer to call it 01 Brown Sugar
So "cancel", go back to the main screen and change it to "01 Brown Sugar". Do
this for all the tracks . You can also change the albumtitle from SF to :
"The Rolling Stones - Sticky Fingers". Go back to the generated menu and you
should have this on screen :



And with changing the colors and adding a background image, you can make it look
like this :



WARNINGS

- When you make a VIDEO_TS with still images like we did here, there is one issue
that you should know : you cannot "Fast Forward" or "Rewind" in a song .
Actually a slideshow is not according to the DVD specifications. If that is a big
issue, you have to decide for yourself. If you want it to be completely
according to the specs, You need to make a MPG from your image that is as long as
the song. Then you can FF and REW. in a song, but.....it takes a lot more space !
On a 40 minute album with one image for each song, it can easily take more than
a few hundred MB extra on the final DVDA !
- Discwelder is not completely bugfree and doesn't completely give you DVDA's
according to the specifications. On a DVDA, you should be able to jump from the
DVDA part to the DVDV part. Unfortunately this so called "linking" function,
doesn't work bugfree here, so we left it out. When you want to experiment with it
I suggest you read Discwelders manual, as it goes to far for a beginners guide.
On certain players it can lead to the following : when you insert the disc it
starts playing as a DVDA and there's no way to jump from the DVDA part to the
DVDV part. If your player has a menu option to change the playing mode from DVDA
to DVDV (for instance most Pioneer DVDA models ), you can change to DVDV mode
and the disc starts as DVDV ! Anyway : when you make everything the same, you
probably will prefer the DVDA part because of the better sound !
Resuming : when you put the disc in a DVDV player, it starts playing the DVDV.
When you put it in a DVDA player it start playing the DVDA part and you cannot
switch on the disc to the DVDV part.

BACK

Layout and Guide by The Dynamic Duo
The Dynamic Duo : Kempfand & Eye of Horus
It's not allowed to re-publish this method !